The European Beech (Fagus sylvatica; southern Great Britain only) is a deciduous tree belonging to the beech family fagaceae. Its origin is in the woodlands in Central and southern Europe. It grows to medium size with fan-shaped branches and ribbed greenish leaves.
For good maintenance, a Professional Tree Surgeon is required since it grows to a height of 50 to 60 feet and spread from 35 to 50 feet. It blooms in April to May season and bears yellowish –green leaves in full sun or part shade. It requires medium water has no flowers and has a good leaf fall with edible fruits.It is a large tree suitable for a large space providing excellent
It is a large tree suitable for a large space providing excellent shade especially for lawns and parks, providing shelter for birds and other insects like beetles. Its fruits are showy and edible food for birds and rodents. They were also ground to make flour which could be eaten after leaching the tannins out by soaking. If frequently clipped they can make attractive hedges.
Its timber is used to make beautiful ornaments which are later sold to tourists and other people. The copper beech or purple beech, fern leaf beech, dwarf beech, weeping beech, deck beech and golden beech are all used in the horticultural industry. It is also a source of hardwood which is used as timber for making furniture. It is very resourceful in the furniture industry as it is easy to soak, varnish, glue and die. Very resistant to compression and splitting and has an excellent finish. It provides wood also act as a source of fuel. Its nuts were also pressed to obtain oil for cooking and in lamps.
It is occasionally attacked by beach scale. You should watch out for caterpillars, Japanese beetles and aphids. Bores also attack distressed trees. Canker, beech bark disease and mildew also occur sometimes. It is intolerant to wet, poorly drained soils and does not grow well in urban settings.